Heat 1 to 2 tsp of oil in a heavy bottomed pan. When the oil hot add the peanuts and roast until the peanuts are browned evenly. Drain and set aside.
Add 1 more tablespoon of oil into the pan. When it is hot add the mustard seeds and urad dal. When the mustard seeds splutter add the chana dal and fry till it turns light brown. Add the curry leaves , broken red chilies and green chilies. Keep the heat low and let the spices fry and release their aromas.
If using the asafoetida add it to the oil along with the chopped cilantro. Add half of the rice on top of the seasonings, sprinkle the turmeric and a little salt on top and layer the remaining rice.Mix well.
If needed give a few gently stir the rice a few times to prevent it from sticking to the bottom. Heat the rice till all the grains are warmed through. Turn off the heat and sprinkle a little of the lemon juice on top. Taste and add more lemon juice or salt as per your taste. Spread the peanuts and fresh grated coconut on top mix and serve !
The red chilies are added for the smokey flavor. Leave them whole and avoid green chilies to reduce spice.
Non sticky rices - Basmati, or Sona Maoori or even Jasmine rice- works well n this recipe.
For detailed instructions go to https://oventales.com/lemon-rice/ .